Water sources are often used also for animals, increasing the risk of contamination.
-left: Children going home with fetched water.
-right: A natural source used for both washing and laundry.
A queue for water in the Durame region. It is often necessary to queue several hours in advance to fetch water.
Responsible for the Durame's Wareda Water Office. Usually this government office is responsible for the proposition of villages with higher needs.
-left: A CVM engineer notes the coordinates for the possible construction of a well.
-right: A CVM engineer checks the installation of a new pipeline in the Embecho-Ajora Kebele. The communities are responsible for the construction work.
A CVM site manager shows a nearly finished water access point in the Embecho-Ajora kebele.
There is an object known as the Jerrycan that, despite not being the latest smartphone model, is just as widespread and fashionable. However, it is simply a canister used to transport petrol. The Jerrycan was invented by Germans (its name is derived from the nickname “Jerry,” used by the Allied forces during World War II). The name Jerrycan remained, even though they are no longer made with metal, but with plastic, and are used to transport a variety of liquids, instead of only gasoline. Almost every time, after that first use, Jerrycans are re-sold throughout the entire world to transport that most important and common liquid: water.
According to UNICEF, 884 million people (38% of them in Sub-Saharan Africa) do not have access to protected water sources. This deficit of potable water is one of the biggest causes of disease in the world, especially for children and the poor. Women and children are used to fetching water, walking an average of 6 km and transporting 20 litres of water every day, taking up a significant amount of time that could be dedicated to other productive tasks or learning. In Ethiopia, only 31% of Ethiopian families have access to drinking water. In the Sodo market (in the Wolayta Zone, Region of Nations, Nationalities, and Southern People) a 25-litre Jerrycan costs 22 Birr (around 1 Euro), while a 10 litre can cost 30 Birr. The smaller containers are more expensive because it is easier for them to be carried by kids.
The Italian NGO CVM actively works toward protecting water sources, and builds wells and aqueducts. After selecting areas with higher needs, the CVM develops participatory projects in which the beneficiary communities are called upon to give their own contribution to the management of the structure.